Was King Solomon a real historical figure?
In February 2010, a 3,000-year-old defensive wall built by King Solomon was unearthed in Jerusalem, according to the Israeli archaeologist who led the excavation. The discovery appears to validate the Biblical passages of Solomons rule.
The tenth-century B.C. wall is 230 feet (70 meters) long and about 6 meters (20 feet) tall. It stands along what was then the edge of Jerusalem—between the Temple Mount, still Jerusalem's paramount landmark, and the ancient City of David, today a modern-day Arab neighborhood called Silwan.
The stone barrier is part of a defensive complex that includes a gatehouse, an adjacent building, and a guard tower, which has been only partially excavated, according to Eilat Mazar, who led the dig for the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Over the years, the structures have been partially demolished—their building materials scavenged for later structures—and what remained was buried under rubble.
The Bible's First Book of Kings—says Solomon, king of Israel, built a defensive wall in Jerusalem. The new discovery is the first archaeological evidence of this structure. There are not many kings during the tenth century that could have built such a structure, basically just David and Solomon had the capacity to do so. According to the Bible, King David, of David-and-Goliath fame, was the father of King Solomon, who is said to have built the First Temple of Jerusalem on the Temple Mount.
Ceramics were found near the wall with designations for Solomon on them, which helped narrow the date down and attribution, being of a level of sophistication common to the second half of the tenth century B.C.—King Solomon's time.
Three-foot-tall (one-meter-tall) earthenware storage vessels were found near the gatehouse, one of them with a Hebrew inscription indicating the container belonged to a high-ranking government official, others inscribe the house of David, son of David and King Solomon specifically.
Figurines typical of tenth-century B.C. Jerusalem—including four-legged animals and large-breasted women likely symbolizing fertility—were also uncovered, as were jar handles bearing impressions reading "to the king" and various Hebrew names attributed to King Solomon.
The artifacts may hint at the area's street life in biblical times. Here ancient Jerusalemites would have gathered around the wall's city gate to trade, settle disputes via street-side judges, engage in ritual practices, and stock up on water and supplies for treks out of the city.
Equally as compelling is an account in Readers Digest December 2010 the search for King David, I was personally involved in this research as an aid, this account includes a myriad of archeological discoveries that support the life of David and Solomon…these findings are considered evidence that David and Solomon were real people with real historical significance.
This wall was unearthed February 2010 Hebrew University Jerusalem.