Noah had three sons born to him, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, before God sent a flood to destroy the world (Genesis 5:32). Whenever the names of Noah’s three sons are recorded, Shem is always mentioned first (Genesis 9:18; 10:2, 21), even though Shem was the second-born (the Bible often lists people according to prominence rather than age).
Japheth was the oldest (Genesis 10:21), and Ham was the youngest (Genesis 9:24). Japheth was born when Noah was 500 years old, and the flood came 100 years later (Genesis 7:6–7). Since Shem was 100 - two years after the flood (Genesis 11:10), he must have been born when Noah was 502 years old.
There is no record of when Ham was born other than the fact that he was born sometime after Shem (Genesis 9:24).
The Bible records that Shem had five sons: Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram (Genesis 10:22). Shem lived to be 600 years of age (Genesis 11:10–11) and became the ancestor of the Semitic peoples (Genesis 10:1, 21–31). Abraham, a descendant of Shem, is the first person in the Bible who is referred to as a “Hebrew” (Genesis 14:13).
Noah blessed Shem above his brothers (Genesis 9:26–27), and it was through Shem that the promised seed destined to crush Satan came (Genesis 3:15).
That seed is traced back to Adam’s son Seth (Genesis 5:1–32), through Shem, and on to Abraham, Judah, and David, leading all the way to Christ (Luke 3:36).
Shem’s son Elam was the father of the Elamites, who later settled east of Mesopotamia. Shem’s son Ashur, whose name is related to the word Assyria, is most likely the father of those who settled the ancient region of Assyria (Genesis 2:14). Arphaxad is thought to be a compound form of the Hebrew word for “Chaldea,” which was a region in southern Mesopotamia (Genesis 11:10–13).
It was through Arphaxad that Eber came. The descendants of Shem’s son Lud became known as the Lydians of Asia Minor. And Aram is identified with the area northeast of the Promised Land, known today as Syria (2 Kings 16:6). The sons of Aram are listed in Genesis 10:23. Of Aram’s sons, Uz is later referred to in the book of Job (Job 1:1).
Noah’s firstborn son, Japheth, is listed as the father of Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras (Genesis 10:2). Their descendants became the people who lived to the north and west of Israel and after Babel, spoke what today are classified as Indo-European languages.
Ham, the youngest of Noah’s three sons, had four sons: Cush, Mizraim (Hebrew for “Egypt”), Put, and Canaan (Genesis 10:6; 1 Chronicles 1:8). Egypt was later called the “land of Ham” (Psalm 78:51; 105:23; 106:22). The Hamitic peoples are shown in Genesis 10:6–20 as becoming a godless and worldly power. It was the land of Israel that was assigned to Ham’s son, Canaan, and for centuries it was under the control of the Egyptians.
Ham is the father of the Arabians, Canaanites, and Africans, including the Egyptians. Due to Ham’s sin against his father (Genesis 9:20–25), Noah cursed Canaan, saying Canaan would be a servant to Shem (Genesis 9:26). This was fulfilled centuries later when the Israelites entered the land of Canaan and subdued the inhabitants of that land (1 Kings 9:20–21).
Ten generations spanned the 1656 years between the day God made Adam and the day Noah entered the ark to ride out the great flood.
Adam and Eve did not live in the Garden of Eden for more than 129 years (unless their ages were only tabulated from the day they were banned from Paradise).
Adam lived to see the birth of all his descendants except Noah. All the pre-Noah generations in Adam’s bloodline died out before the Flood.
Methuselah witnessed his grandson building the ark.
Methuselah, the last survivor of the pre-Noah generations (outlived his son, Lamech) he died the very year in which God sent the Flood.
Noah’s father, Lamech, died just four years before the Flood.
The genealogy of Adam to Noah is recorded in Genesis 5. There are 1056 years from the point that the bible starts dating the years of Adam until the birth of Noah.
Noah was 600 years old when Methuselah died. Which was the same year the Flood started?
Genesis 5:32. “And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth”.
Genesis 5:32 indicates that Noah became the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth from the age of 500 years old, but does not list in detail their specific years.
(Noah was 600 years old at the time of the flood in Genesis 7.) An incident involving Ham is related in Genesis 9:20-27.
Starting with the creation of Adam and adding the information when his son was born, the age of his son, etc. this gives a timeline from Adam's creation to the death of Jacob 2255 years later.
1 BC - Adam (generation 1) is created.
130 - Adam and Eve receive a son, Seth (generation 2)
235 - Enosh is born (generation 3)
325 - Kenan is born (generation 4)
395 - Mahalaleel is born (generation 5)
460 - Jared is born (generation 6)
622 - Enoch is born (generation 7)
687 - Methuselah is born (generation 8) "Methuselah" can be translated "when he dies it comes".
874 - Lamech is born (generation 9)
930 - Adam dies, aged 930
987 - Enoch taken up by God (did not die Genesis 5:24), aged 365
1042 - Seth dies, aged 912
1056 - Noah is born (generation 10)
1140 - Enosh dies, aged 905
1235 - Kenan dies, aged 910
1290 - Mahalaleel dies, aged 895
1422 - Jared dies, aged 962
1556 - Noah has three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth (generation 11)
1651 - Lamech (Noah's father) dies, aged 777
1656 - Methuselah dies the same year as the flood comes, aged 969
1658 - Arpachshad is born (generation 12)
1693 - Shelah is born (generation 13)
1723 - Eber is born (generation 14)
1757 - Peleg is born (generation 15)
1787 - Reu is born (generation 16)
1819 - Serug is born (generation 17)
1849 - Nahor is born (generation 18)
1878 - Terah is born (generation 19)
1948 - Abraham is born (generation 20)
1958 - Sarah, Abrahams wife, is born
1996 - Peleg dies, aged 239 - this is the first death mentioned in the Bible after the flood
1997 - Nahor dies, aged 148
2006 - Noah, (generation 10 after Adam), dies at the age of 950
2026 - Reu dies, aged 239
2034 - Ishmael is born (generation 21)
2048 - Isaac is born (also generation 21)
2049 - Serug dies, aged 230
2083 - Terah dies, aged 205
2085 - Sarah dies, aged 127
2088 - Isaac is married at the age of 40, to Rebecca
2096 - Arpachshad dies, aged 438
2108 - Jacob is born, with his twin Esau (generation 22)
2123 - Abraham dies, aged 175
2126 - Shelah dies, aged 433
2158 - Shem dies, aged 600
2187 - Eber dies, aged 464
2228 - Isaac dies, aged 180
2238 - Jacob moves to Egypt at the age of 130
2255 - Jacob dies in Egypt, aged 147