The word “theology” comes from two Greek words meaning “God” and “word.” Combined, the word “theology” means “study of God.” Christian theology is the study of what the Bible teaches and what Christians believe. Many believers treat Christian theology as something that is dividing, something that should be avoided. In actuality, Christian theology should be uniting! The Word of God teaches truth and we are to be united behind that truth. There are disagreements and disputes in Christian theology. There is freedom to disagree on the non-essentials of Christian theology. At the same time, there is much that Christians should be united over. A biblically-based Christian theology will enable us to better understand God, salvation, and our mission in this world.Second Timothy 3:16 states that all Scripture is inspired by God, literally God-breathed, and is indispensable to us because it makes us complete, lacking nothing. To be a theologian is to be one who seeks the face of God in order to encounter the creator of the universe and His Son, Jesus the Christ, and embrace Him as Lord, so that He becomes the center of ones desires, affections and knowledge.
This intimacy spreads into all aspects of life—communicating blessings, comforting in times of loss, strengthening in weaknesses and upholding us to the end of our lives. Scripture is God’s story and the more we study His Word, the better we know Him.Eschatology is the study of what the Bible says is going to happen in the end times. In this regard, Eschatology is part of the study of God or theology. Many treat Eschatology as an area of theology to be avoided. Eschatology is not as crucial as Christology (the study of the Person and work of Jesus Christ) or Soteriology (the study of the doctrine of salvation). That does not mean, that it is unimportant to a Biblical worldview. How we understand Eschatology has an impact on how we should live our lives and what we are to expect to occur in God’s plan. Some important issues in Eschatology surround the Rapture? The word "rapture" does not occur in the Bible. The concept of the Rapture, though, is taught in Scripture. The Rapture of the church is the event in which God removes all believers from the earth in order to make way for His righteous judgment to be poured out on the earth during the Tribulation period.The Second Coming of Christ and why is it important? What will be the signs of Christ’s return?Is the millennium literal or figurative?
The fulfillment of many of God’s covenants and promises rest on a literal, physical, future kingdom. There is no solid basis to deny a literal understanding of the Millennial Kingdom and its duration being 1,000 years.Will the generation that saw Israel re-formed as a nation still be alive for the Second Coming? It is not Scriptural to teach that the generation that sees Israel become a nation will also see the Second Coming of Jesus the Christ. This may be the case, but Scripture does not specifically say so.The Bible describes a period of tribulation in Revelation chapters 6-18. Will this Tribulation be preceded by the Rapture, will it conclude with the Rapture, or has it in fact already occurred? These different perspectives of Eschatology helps us to understand the Bible’s prophetic passages and how to live ones life in response to what God is going to do in the end times. There is a great deal of controversy in Eschatology, but that does not relieve us of our responsibility to study and understand what the Bible teaches about the end times. An understanding of Eschatology will eliminate many of the fears some have about the future.